Is it Kosher?


Fish which have fins and scales are kosher. Fish which only have fins are not kosher. Of the four types of scales, clenoid, cycloid, ganoid and placoid, only clenoid and cycloid scales are valid according to the Torah. Gandoid is the type found on sturgeon and placoid is found on shark.There is no prohibition against eating fish blood, other than the fact that people may think that a person is eating prohibited blood, and ritual slaughter is not required.

The scales must be true scales that can be removed without damaging the skin of the fish. As it says in the Torah – "These you may grilled-fish2.jpg (14304 bytes)eat of the fishes, all that have fins and scales…" (Vayikrah XI:9-12) Bony tubercles and plate or thorn-like scales that can be removed only by removing part of the skin are not considered scales in this context. Some fish that have such scales, such as eels, lumpfish, shark, sturgeon, and swordfish, are not kosher. All shellfish and mammals (such as whales, and dolphins) are not kosher. Only the eggs of kosher fish, such as fish roe or caviar, are allowed, therefore supervision is necessary. Care must be taken when buying fresh, whole fish, filleted, or frozen, because of the possibility of substitution by non-kosher fish or of contamination by remnants of non-kosher fish from knives and cutting boards. Fish sticks have three problems: the fish, the oil, and the frying utensils and equipment (which is usually used for non-kosher fish as well as kosher fish).

Smoked fish is frequently soaked in brine and then smoked along with non-kosher fish. According to Jewish law, this soaking and smoking is tantamount to cooking over a flame and therefore the product is not kosher. Smoked fish is also often packed in oil, which may not be kosher.

Although herring is famous as a Jewish food, it is not always kosher. The preparation of herring can pose a myriad of problems among which are mono- and di-glycerides, non-kosher wine vinegar or wine, sour cream, bread crumbs, spices, and equipment contamination.

These lists of kosher and non-kosher fish were prepared by James W. Atz, Ph.D., Curator and Dean Bibliographer in the Department of Ichthyology of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York 10024.

I would like to thank Rabbi Genack and the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America for allowing us to reprint this list.

Kosher fish

Albacore See: Mackerels

Alewife See: Herrings

Amberjack See: Jacks

Anchovies (Family Engraulidae). Including: European anchovy (Engraulis encrasciolus), North of California anchovy (Engraulis mordax).

Angelfishes and butterfly fishes (Family Chaetodontidae). Including: Angelfishes (Holacanthus species, Pomacanthus species).

Atlantic Pomfret or Ray’s Bream (Brama brama)

Ballyhoo See: Flyingfishes

Barracudas (Family Sphyraenidae) Including: Barracudas and kakus (Sphyraena species).

Bass See: Sea Basses. Temperate basses, Sunfishes, Drums

Bigeyes (Family Priacanthidae). Including: Bigeyes or aweoweos (Priacanthus species).

Blackfish See: Carps, Wrasses

Blacksmith See: Damselfishes

Blueback See: Flounders, Herrings, Trouts

Bluefish or snapper blue (Pomatomus saltarix)

Bluegill See: Sunfishes

Bocaccio See: Scorpionfishes

Bombay duck (Harpadeon nehereus)

Bonefish (Albula vulpes)

Bonito See: Cobia, Mackerels

Bowfin Freshwater dogfish, or grindle (Amia calva)

Bream See: Carps, Atlantic pomfret, Porgies

Brill See: Flounder

Buffalo fishes See: Suckers

Burbot See: Codfishes

Butterfishes (Family Stromateidae), Including: Butterfish (Peprilus tracanthus); Pacific pompano (Peprilus similimus); harvestfishes (Peprilus species)

Butterfly fish See: Angelfish

Cabrilla See: Sea Basses

Calico bass See: Sunfishes

Capelin See: Smelts

Carps and minnows (Family Cyprinidae), Including: the carp, leather carp, mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio); Crucian carp (Carassius carassius); Goldfish (Carassius auratus); tench (Tinca tinca); Splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus); Squawfishes (Ptychocheilus species); Scramento backfish or hardhead (Orthodon microlepidotus); Freshwater breams (Abramis species, Blicca species); Roach (Rutilus rutilus).

Carosucker See: Suckers

Caviar (Must be from a kosher fish) See: Trouts and whitefishes (salmon), Lumpsuckers (non-kosher), Sturgeons (non-kosher).

Cero See: Mackerels

Channel bass See: Drums

Char See: Trouts

Chilipepper See: Scorpionfishes

Chinook salmon See: Trouts

Chup See: Trouts, Sea chubs

Cichlids (Family Chichilidae), Including: Tilapias (Tilapia species); Mozambique mouthbrooder (Tilapia mossambica); Cichlios (Cichlasoma species); Rio Grande perch (Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum)

Cigarfish See: Jacks

Cisco See: Trouts

Coalfish See: Codfishes

Cobia, cabio, or black bonito (Rachycentron canadum)

Cod, cultus, black, blue, or ling. See: Greenlings, Sablefish

Codfishes (Family Gadidae), Including: Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aegiefinus); Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus); Pollock, saithe, or coalfish (Pollachius virens); Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma); Hakes (Urophycis species); Whiting (Meriangius meriangus); Blue whiting or poutassou (Micromesistius poutassou); Burbot, lawyer, or freshwater ling (lota lota); Tomcods or frostfishes (Microgradus species).

Coho salmon See: Trouts

Corbina or Corvina, See: Drums

Cottonwick See: Grunts

Crapplie See: Sunfishes

Creville See: Jacks

Croacker See: Drums

Crucian carp See: Carps

Cubbyu See: Drums

Cunner See: Wrasses

Dab See: Flounders

Damselfishes (Family Pomacentridae). Including: Blacksmith (Chromis punctipinnis); Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicunda).

Doctorfish See: Surgeonfishes

Dolly Varden See: Trouts

Dolphin fishes or mahimahis (Coryphaena species) Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is non-kosher.

Drums and croakers (Family Sciaenidae), Including: Seatrouts and carvinas (Cynoscion species); Weakfish (Cynoscion nebulosus); White seabass (Cynoscion nobillis); Croakers (micropogon species, Bairdiella species, Odontoscion species); Silver perch (Bairdiella chyrsura); White or King croaker (Genyonemus lineatus); Black croaker (cheilottena saturnum); Spotfin croaker (Roncador stearnsi); Yellowfin croaker (Umbrina roncador); Drums (Pogonias species, Stellifer species, Umbrina species); Red drum or channel bass (Sciaenops ocallata); Freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens); Kingfishes or king whitings (Menticirrhus species); California corbina (Menticirrhus undulatus); spot or lafayette (Leiostomus xanthurus); Queenfish (Seriphus politus); Cubbyu or ribbon fish (Equetus umbrosus).

Eulachon See: Smelts

Flounders (Families Bothidae and Pleuronectidae). Including: Flounders (Paralichthys species, Liopsetta species, Platichthys species,etc.); Starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus); Summer flounder or fluke (Paralichthys denatus); Yellowtail flounder (limanda ferrugina); Winter flounder, lemon sole or blackback (Pseudopleuronectes americanus); Halibuts (Hippoglossus species); California halibut (Paralichthys Californicus); Bigmouth sole (Hippoglossina stomata); Butter of scalyfin sole (Isopsetta isolepis); "Dover" sole (Microstomus pacificus); "English" sole (Parophrys vetulus); Fantail sole (Xystreurys liolepis); Petrale sole (Eopsetta jordan); Rex sole (Glyptocephalus zichirus); Rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata); Sand Sole (Psettichthys melanostictus); Slender sole (Lyopsetta exillis); Yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera); Pacific turbots (Pleuronichthys species); Curlfin turbot or sole (Pleuronichthys decurrens); Diamond turbot (Hypsopsetta guttulata); Greenland turbot or halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides); Sanddabs (Citharichthys species); Dabs (Limanda species); American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides); European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa); Brill (scophthalmus rhomus). But not including: European turbot (Scophthalmus maximus or Psetta maximus).

Fluke See: Flounders

Flyingfishes and halfbeaks (Family Exocoetidae); Flyingfishes (Cypselurus species, and others); Ballyhoo or balao (Hemiramphus species).

Frostfish See: Codfishes

Gag See: Sea basses

Garibaldi See: Damselfishes

Giant kelpfish (Heterostichus rostratus)

Gizzard shad See: Herrings

Goatfishes or surmullets (Family Mullidae). Including: Goatfishes (Mullus species, Pseudupeneus species); Wekes or goatfishes (Mulloidichthys species, Upeneus species); Kumu (Parupeneus species); Red mullet (Mullus surmuletus).

Gobies (Family Gobidae), Including: Bigmouth sleeper or guavina (Gobiomorus dormitor); Sirajo goby (sicydium plumieri)

Goldeye and mooneye (Hiodon alosoides and Hiodon tergisus).

Goldfish See: Carps

Grayling See: Trouts

Graysby: See: Sea basses

Greenlings (Family Hexagrammidae), Including: Greenlings (Hexagrammos species); Kelp greenling or seatrout (Hexagrammos decagrammus); Lingcod, cultus or blue cod (Ophiodon elongatus); Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius).

Grindle See: Bowfin

Grouper See: Sea basses

Grunion See: Silversides

Grunts (Family Pomadasyldae), Including; Grunts (Haemulon species, Pomadasys species); Margate (Haemulon album); Tomtate (Haemulon aurolineattum); Cottonwick (Haemulon melanurum); Sailors choice (Haemulon parral); Porkfish (Anisotremus virginicus); Black margate (Anisotremus surinamensis); Sargo (Anisotremus davidsoni); Pigfish (Orthopristis chrysoptera).

Guavina See: Gobies

Haddock See: Codfishes

Hake See also Codfishes

Hakes (Family Meriucciidae), Including: Hakes (Merluccius species); Silver hake or whiting (Meriuccius bilinearis); Pacific hake or meriuccio (Meriuccius productus)

Halfbeak See: Flying fish

Halfmoon See: Sea chubs

Halibut See: Flounders

Hamlet See: Sea basses

Hardhead See: Carps

Harvestfish See: Butterfishes

Hawkfishes (Family Cirrhitidae). Including: Hawkfishes (Cirrhitus species).

Herrings (Family Clupeidae), Including: Atlantic and Pacific herring (Clupae harengus subspecies); thread herrings (Opisthonema species); Shads (Alosa species); Shad or glut herring, or blueback (Alosa aestivalis); Hickory shad (Alosa mediocris); Alewife or river herring (Alosa pseudoharengus); Gizzard shads (Dorosoma species); Menhadens or mossbunkers (Brevoortia species); Spanish sardines (Sardineila anchovia); European sardine or pilchard (Sardina pilchardus); Pacific sardine or pilchard (Sardinops sagax); Spart (Sprattus sprattus)

Hind See: Sea bass

Hogchocker See: Soles

Hogfish See: Wrasses

Horse mackerel See: Jacks

Jack Mankerel See: Jacks

Jacks and Pompanos (Family Charangidae) Including: Pompanos, palometas, and permits (Trachionotus species); Amberjacks and yellowtails (Seriola species); California yellowtail (Seriola dorsalls); Scads and cigarfish (Decapterus species, Selar species, Trachurus species); Jack mackerel or horse mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus); Jacks and uluas (Caranx species, Carangoides species); Crevalles (Caranx species); Blue runner (Caranx crysos); Rainbow runner (Elagatis bipinnulata); Moonfishes (Vomer species); Lookdown (Selene vomer); Leatherback or lae (Scomberoides sanctipetri); BUT NOT INCLUDING: Leatherjacket (Oligoplites saurus).

Jacksmelt See: Silversides

Jewfish See: Sea basses.

John Dory (Zeus faber)

Kelpfish See: Giant Kelpfish

Kingfish See: Drums, mackerels

Ladyfish, or tenpounder (Elops saurus)

Lafayette See: Drums

Lake Herring See: Trouts

Lance or Launce See: Sand lances

Largemouth bass See: Sunfishes

Lawyer See: Codfishes

Leatherback See: Jacks

Lingcod See: Greenlings

Lizardfishes (Family Synodontidae)

Lookdown See: Jacks

Mackerel See also: Jacks

Mackerels, Atka See: Greenlings

Mackerels and tunas (Family Scombridae), Including: Mackerels (Scomber species, Scomberomorus species, Auxis species); Spanish mackerels, cero, and sierra (Scomberomorus species); King mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla); Bonitos (Sarda species); Wahoo (Acanthocybius solanderi); tunas (Thunnus species, Euthynnus species); Skipjack tunas (Euthynnus or Katsuwonus species); Albacore (thunnus alalunga) But not including: Snake mackerels

Mahimahi See: Dolphin fishes

Margate See: Grunts

Menhaden See: Herrings

Menpachii See: Squirrelfishes

Merluccio See: Hakes

Milkfish or awa (Chanos chanos)

Mojarras (Family Gerreidae) including: Mojarras (Eucinostomus species, Gerres species, Diapterus species)

Monkeyface prickleback or eel (Cebidichthys violaceus)

Mooneye See: Goldeye

Moonfish See: Jacks

Mossbunker See: Herrings

Mouthbrooder See: Cichlids

Mullet See: Goatfishes

Mullets (Family Mugilidae) including: Mullets and amaamas (Mugil species); Uouoa (Neomyxus chaptallii); Mountain mullets or dajaos (agonostomus species)

Muskellunge See: Pikes

Mutton hamlet See: Sea basses

Muttonfish See: Snappers

Needlefishes (Family Beslonidae) Needlefishes or marine gars (strongylura species, Tylosuru species)

Opaleye See: Sea clubs

Palometa See: Jacks

Parrotfishs (Family Scaridae) including: Parrotfishes and uhus (Scarus species, Slparisoma species)

Perch See also: Temperate basses, Drums, Cichlids, Surfperches, Scorpionfishes

Perches (Family Percidae) including: Yellow perch (Perca flavescens); Walleye, pike-perch, or yellow or blue pike (Stizostedion vitreum); Sauger (Stizostedion canadense)

Permit See: Jacks

Pickerel See: Pike

Pigfish See: Grunts

Pike See also: Perches

Pikes (Family Esocidae) including; Pike (esox lucius); Pickerels (Esox species); Muskellunge (esox masquinongy)

Pike-perch See: Perches

Pilchard See Herrings

Pinfish See: Porgies

Plaice See: Flounders

Pollock. See: Codfishes

Pomfret. See: Atlantic pomfret

Pompano See: Jack, Butterfishes

Porgies and sea breams (Family Sparidae). Including: Porgies (Calamus species, Diplodus species, Pagrus species); Scup (Stenotomus chrysops); Pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides); Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus)

Porkfish See: Gruntts

Poutassou See: Codfishes

Prickleback See: Monkeyface prickleback, Rockprickleback (non-kosher).

Queenfish See: Drums

Quillback See: Suckers

Rabalo See: Snooks

Ray’s bream See: Atlantic pomfret

Red snapper See: Snappers

Redfish See: Scorpionfishes, Wrasses

Roach See: Carps

Rock bass See: Sunfishes

Rockhind See: Sea basses

Rockfish See: Scorpionfishes. Temperate basses

Rosefish See: Scorpionfishes

Rudderfish See: Sea chubs

Runner See: Jack

Sablefish or black cod (Anoplopoma fimbria)

Sailors choice See: Grunts

Saithe See: Codfishes

Salmon See: Trouts

Sand lances, launces, or eels (Ammodytes species)

Sardine See: Herrings

Sargo See: Grunts

Sauger See: Perches

Scad See: Jacks

Scamp See: Sea basses

Schoolmaster See: Snappers

Scorpionfishes (family Scorpaenidae), Including: Scorpionfishes (Scorpaena species); California scorpionfish or sculpin (Scorpaena guttata); Nohus (Scorpaenopsis species); Redfish, rosefish, or ocean perch (Sebasters marinus); rockfishes (Sebasters species, Sebastodes species); Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus); Chilipepper (Sebastes goodel); Bocaccio (Sebastes paucipinus); Shortspine thornyhead or channel rockfish (Sebastolobus alascanus)

Scup See: Porgies


Sea bass See also: Temperate basses, drums

Sea basses (Family Serranidae) including: Black sea basses (Centropristis species); Groupers (Epinephelus species, and Mycteroperca species); Rockhind (Epinephelus adscensionis); Speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi); Red hind (Epinephelus guttatus); Jewfish (Epinephelus itajara); Spotted cabrilla (Epinephelus analogus); Gag (Mycteroperca microlepis); Scamp (Mycteroperca phenax); Graysby (petrometopon cruentatum); Mutton hamlet (Alphestes afer) Sand bass, kelp bass, and spotted bass (Paralabrax species)

Sea bream See: Porgies

Sea chubs (Family Kyphosidae) including: Bermuda chug or rudderfish (Kyphosus sectatrix); Opaleye (Girella nigrican); Halfmoon (Medialuna californiensis)

Seaperch See: Surfperches

Searobins (Family Triglidae); Searobins (Prionotus species)

Seatrout See: Drums, Greenlings, Steelhead

Shad See: Herrings

Sheepshead See: Porgies, Wrasses

Sierra See: Mackerels

Silversides (Family Athernidae) including: Whitebait, spearing, or silversides (Menidia species); California grunion (Leurusthes tenuis); Jacksmelt (Atherinopsis californiensis); Topsmelt (Atherinops affinis)

Sirajo goby See: Gobies

Skipjack See Mackerels

Sleeper See Gobies

Smallmouth bass See Sunfishes

Smelts (Family Osmeridae) including: Smelts (Osmerus species); Capelin (Malotus villosus); Eullachon (Thaleichthys pacificus)

Snapper blue See: Bluefish

Snappers (Family Lutjanidae) including: Snappers (Lutjanus species); Schoolmaster (Lutjanus apodus); Muttonfish or mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis); Red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus); Yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus); Kalikali (Pristipomoides sieboldi); Opakapaka (Pristipomoides microlepis); Onaga (Etelis carbunculus)

Snooks (Family Centropomidae) including: Snooks or rabalos (Centropomus species)

Sockeye salmon See: Trouts

Sole See also: Flounders

Soles (Family Soleidae), Including: Sole or true sole (solea solea); Lined sole (Achirus lineatus); Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus).

Spadefishes (Family Ephippidae). Including: Spadefishes (Chaetodipterus species)

Spanish mackerel See: Mackerels

Spearing See: Silversides

Splitttail See: Carps

Spot See: Drums

Sprat See: Herrings

Squawfish See: Carp

Squirrelfishes (Family Holocentridae), Including: Squirrelfishes (Holocentrus species); Menpachii (Myripristis species).

Steelhead See: Trouts

Striped bass See: Temperate basses

Suckers (Family Catostomidae). Including: Buffalo fishes (Ictiobus species); Suckers (Catostomus species, Moxostoma species); Quillbacks or carpsuckers (Carpiodes species)

Sunfishes (Family Centrarchidae). Including: Freshwater basses (Micropterus species); Largemouth bass (Microterus salmoides); Smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui); Sunfishes (Lepomis species); Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus); Warmouth (Lepomis macrochirus); Rock bass or red eye (Ambloplites rupestris); Crappies or calico basses (Pomoxis species)

Surfperches (Famly Embiotocidae). Including: Surfperches (Amphistichus species, Hyperprosopon species); Seaperches (Embiotoca species, Hypsurus species, Phanerodon species, Rhacochilus species); Black perth (Embiotoca jacksoni); Pile perch (Rhacochilus vacca); Shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata). Surgeonfishes (Family Acanthuridae). Including: Surgeonfishes and tangs (Acanthurus species, Zebrasoma species); Doctorfish (Acanthurus chirugus); Unicornfishes or kalas (Naso species).

Tang See: Surgeonfishes

Tarpon (Megalops atlantica)

Tautog See: Wrasses

Temperate basses (Family Percichthyidae). Including: Striped bass or rockfish (morone saxatillis); Yellow bass (Morone mississippiensis); White bass (Morojne chrysops); White perch (Morone americana); Giant California sea bass (Stereolepis gigas)

Tench See: Carps

Tenpounder See Ladyfish

Threadfins (Family polynemidae) including: Blue bobo (Polydactylus approximans); Barbu (Polydactylus virginicus); Moi (Polydactylus sexfilis)

Tilapia See: Cichlids

Tilefishes (Family Branchiostegidae) including: tilefish (Logholatilus chamaeleonticeps) Ocean whitefish (Caulolatilus princeps)

Tomcod See: Codfishes

Tomtate See: Grunts

Tomsmelt See: Silversides

Tripletail (Lobotes surinamensis)

Trouts and whitefishes (Family Salmonidae) including: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar); Pacific salmons (Oncorhtnchus species); Coho or silver salmon; sockeye, blueback or red salmon; chinook, king or spring salmon; pink or humpback salmon; chum, dog or fall salmon, Trouts (Salmo species) Brown trout, rainbow trout or steelhead, cutthroat trout, golden trout, Chars (Salvelinus species); Lake trout, brook rout, Arctic char, Dolly Varden, Whitefishes and ciscos (coregonus species and Prosopium species); Cisco or lake herring (Corengonus artedii); chubs (coregonus species); graylings (thymallus Species)

Tuna See: Mackerels

Turbot See Flounder (some non-kosher)

Unicornfish See: Surgeonfishes

Wahoo See: Mackerels

Walleye See: Perches

Walleye pollock See: Codfishes

Warmouth See: Sunfishes

Weakfishes See: Drums

Whitefish See: Trouts, Tilefishes

Whiting See: Codfishes, Hakes, Drums

Wrasses (Family Labridae) including: Hogfishes and aawas (Bodianus species); Hogfish or capitaine (Lachnolaimus maximus); Tautog or blackfish (Tautoga onitis); California sheephead or redfish (Pimelometopon pulchrum); Cunner, chogset, or bergall (Tautogolabrus adspersus)

Yellowtail See: Jacks

Yellowtail snapper See Snappers


Angler See: Goosefishes

Beluga See: Sturgeons

Billfishes (Family Istiophoridae). Including: Sailfishes (Istiophorus species); Marlins and spearfishes (Tetrapterus species, Makaira species).

Blowfish See: Puffers

Bullhead See: Catfishes

Cabezon See: Sculpins

Catfishes (Order Siluriformes). Including: Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus); Bullheads (Ictalurus species); Sea catfish (Arius felis)

Cutlassfishes (Family Trichiuridae) including: Cutlassfishes (Trichiurus species) Scabbardfishes (Lepidopus species)

Dogfish See: Bowfin, Sharks

Eels (Order Anguilliforms). Including American and European eel (Anguilia rostrata and Anguila anguila); Conger eel (Conger oceanicus).

Gars (Order Semionotiformes). Freshwater gars (Lepisosteus species).

Goosefishes or anglers (Lophius species)

Grayfish See: Sharks

Lampreys (Family Petromyzontidae)

Leatherjacket See: Jacks (Oligoplites saurus)

Lomosuckers (Family Cyclopteridae). Including: Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus); Snailfishes (Liparis species).

Marlin See: Billfishes

Midshipman See: Toadfishes

Ocean pout or eelpout (Macrozoarces americanus)

Oilfish (Ruvettus pretiosus) Puffers (Family Tetraodontidae).

Paddlefish See: Sturgeons

Pout See: Ocean pout

Puffers, blowfishes, swellfishes, sea squab (Sphoeroides species)

Ratfish See: Sharks

Ray See: Sharks

Rock prickleback or rockeel (Xiphister mucosus)

Sailfish See: Billfishes

Sculpins (Family Cottidae). Including: Sculpins (Myoxocephalus species, Cottus species, Leptocottus species, etc.). Cabezon (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus); Searaven (Hemitripterus americanus)

Searaven See: Sculpins

Sea-squab See: Puffers

Sharks, rays and their relatives (Class Chondrichthyes). Including Grayfishes or dogfishes (Mustelus species, Squalus species); Soupfin shark (Galeorhinus zyopterus); Sawfishes (Pristis species); Skates (Raja species); Chimaeras or ratfishes (Order Chimaeriformes).

Skates See: Sharks

Snake mackerels (Gempylus species)

Spoonbill cat See: Sturgeons

Sturgeons (Order Acipenseriformes). Including: Sturgeons (Acipensen species, Scaphirhynchus species); Beluga (huso uso); Paddrefish or spoonbill cat (Polyodon spathula)

Swordfish (Xiphias gladies)

Toadfishes (Family Batrachoididae). Including: Toadfishes (Opsanus species); Midshipment (Porichthys species).

Tiggerfishes and firefishes (Family Balistidae). Triggerfishes (Balistes species, Canthidermis species)

Trunkfishes (Family Ostraciidad). Trunkfishes and cowfishes (Lactophrys species).

Wolffishes (Family Anarhichadidae). Including: Wolffishes or ocean. catfishes (Anarhichas species)


Multilingual Guide to Common Names of Some Kosher Saltwater Fishes

Following are the common names, in several different languagesof some Kosher fish. The names are those applied in the areas where the species occur or are commonly known. The species are listed alphabetically according to the English standard common name.


French: germon

German: Weisser Thun

Hawaiian: ahipalaha

Italian: alalonga

Japanese: bin'naga, binnagamaguro, binchô, tombo

Portuguese: voador, albacora, albacora branca

Spanish: albacora, atún blanco, bonito del norte


French: barracuda, bécune, brochet de mer

German: Grosser Barrakuda

Hawaiian: kaku

Italian: barracuda, sfirena

Japanese: onikamasu

Portuguese: barracuda, bicuda americana

Spanish: barracuda, picua, picúda, bicuda, espetón, picúa brava, picúa corsaria, picúa zorra

BASS, European

French: bar

German: Seebarsch, Wolfsbarsch

Italian: spigola

Spanish: lubina

BASS, giant sea

French: merou géant du Pacifique

Japanese: ishinagi-zoku

Spanish: mero gigante del Pacifico, cherna, lubina marina gigante

BASS, striped

Spanish: lobina rayada, lobina barrada, lubina listada


French: tassergal, balarin

German: Blaufisch, Wolfsbarsch

Italian: pesce serra, ballerino

Japanese: amikiri, okisuzuki, okisade

Portuguese: anchova, enchova

Spanish: anchoa, anjova

BONITO, Atlantic

French: bonite à dos rayé

German: Bonito, Pelamide

Italian: palamita

Japanese: hagatsuo-rui

Portuguese: serrajao

Spanish: bonito (del Atlántico), carachana

BONITO, Paciflc

Japanese: hagatsuo, kitsunegatsuo

Spanish: bonito (del Pacifico)

COD, Atlantlc & Pacific

French: morue, cabillaud, fraiche,

morue franche

German: Kabeljau, Dorsch

Italian: merluzzo bianco

Japanese: madara, tara-ka

Portuguese: bacalhau

Spanish: bacalao, bacallao


Russian: malma


French: coryphene, dauphin

Hawaiian: mahi mahi

Italian: corifena, lampuga, pappagallo

Japanese: shiira

Portuguese: dourado

Spanish: dorado, lampugus, llampugas, peje vapor

HALIBUT, Atlantic

French: flétan de l'Atlantique

German: Heilbutt

HALBUT, Pacific

Japanese: ohyo-rui


Portuguese: mero, garoupa

Spanish: mero, cherna, guasa, mero sapo, mero-cherna, mero brasil, pez judío


Portuguese: cavala real, serra

Spanish: carite rey, caballa real, sierra, carita, sierra grande, sierra de altura, sierra canalera, carite lucio


Spanish: sierra, carite pintado

PERCH, white

French: bar-perche


French: lieu jaune, colin jaune

German: Pollack

Italian: merluzzo giallo

Portuguese: badejo, juliana

Spanish: abadejo


French: lieu noir, colin, merlan noire, goberge

German: Kohler, Seelachs

Portuguese: escamudo

Spanish: abadejo, abadejo negro, badejo

SALMON, chinook

Russian: Tshawytscha

SALMON, chum

Russian: keta

SALMON, coho

Russian: kisutch

SALMON, pink

Fiussian: gorbuscha

SALMON, sockeye

Russian: nerka

SEABASS, Japanese

Japanese: suzuki

SEABASS, blackfin

Japanese: hira-suzuki

SEABASS, white

Spanish: cabaicucho, corvina blanca, pescadilla

TROUT, brook

French: truite

TROUT, lake

French: touladi

TUNA, bigeye

French: thon obese, patudo, thon ventru

Hawaiian: po'o-nui, ahipo'o-nui

Japanese: mebachi, shibi

Portuguese: patudo

Spanish: atun ojo grande, patudo

TUNA, blackfin

Japanese: taiseiyômaguro

Portuguese: albacorinha, atum-preto

Spanish: atún aleta negra, atún aletinegro, albacora

TUNA, bluefin

French: thon touge

German: Blauflossenthun, Roter Thun

Italian: tonno

Japanese: kuromaguro, hon-maguro, maguro

Portuguese: atum, atum-azul

Spanish: atún aleta azul, atun gigante, atún rojo

TUNA, dogtooth

French: thon blanc

Japanese: isomaguro

TUNA, longtail

Japanese: koshinaga

TUNA, skipjack

French: bonite à ventre rayé

Hawaiian: aku

Italian: tonnetto striato

Japanese: katsuo

Portuguese: gaiado, listao, listado

Spanish: listado, bonito artico, barrilete

TUNA, southern bluefin

French: thon (rouge) du sud, thon rouge austral

Japanese: minamimaguro

TUNA, yellowfin

French: albacore, thon à nageoires jaunes

German: Gelbflossenthun

Hawaiian: ahi, ahimalailena malailena

Italian: albacore, tonno albacora

Japanese: kihada, kiwade, kiwada maguro

Portuguese: albacora, atum amarello

Spanish: atun de aleta amarilla, atún

de Allison, rabil


French: grand coregone

YELLOWTAIL, California

Spanish: jurel de Castilla, colarubia, colirubia, pez limon, seriola de California

YELLOWTAIL, southern

French: sériole australe, liche

Portuguese: seriola do sul, olhete, charuteiro

Spanish: jurel de Castilla, colarubia, colirubia, pez limón, seriola austral